Keratoconus is a disease of the cornea. While not as well known as some other ocular conditions, it shares the trait of most common eye diseases in the fact that there is a lack of noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Here at Contemporary Eye Care, we’re your specialists when it comes to all eye problems, including keratoconus evaluation and management.
The most typical time for keratoconus to occur is in the teenage years up until around the age of 30. It’s not unheard of, however, to develop later, though. The disease is marked by a bulging outward of the cornea. This causes it to morph from its normal shape (round) to one that resembles a cone instead. Heredity is a major risk factor for it, with parents who have keratoconus being far more likely to pass it on to their kids. If you or your spouse have it, it is a good idea to begin testing your child by the age of 10. There is thought to be some association with certain allergies, but otherwise the precise reason for keratoconus remains unknown. As the disease develops, your cornea becomes weakened by the degeneration of protein fibers. It’s those fibers that help it to maintain its roundness. Keratoconus can progress over the course of years in some cases. Signs of it include blurry vision, eye strain, problems driving at night, unusual sensitivity to light, excessive eye rubbing, eye pain, headaches, and halos appearing in your field of vision (particularly at night). If you experience any of the above, it could be mean you have advanced keratoconus, so contact our Canarsie eye care right away. The best way to diagnose it is with a yearly eye exam at our office. We can manage it for you with eyeglasses or contact lenses. In more extreme cases, surgery may be needed to replace the center of your cornea.
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